Kitfo Recipe

Kitfo is a beloved beef dish in Ethiopia. Learn how to make Kitfo by using this simple recipe from Ethiopian Food Guide. Here you will learn about all the ingredients you will need to make this traditional Ethiopian dish with all the necessary directions.


  • 3 pound freshly grounded without fat
  • 1 teaspoon Mitmita
  • 1 teaspoon Korerima
  • 1 teaspoon salt (as needed)
  • 1/4 cup of Niter Kibbeh (Seasoned butter)


  1. Mix ground beef and all ingredients thoroughly.
  2. Pan sear lightly and serve your Kitfo with Injera (Ethiopian flat bread made of teff).


Alternative Recipe

Kitfo 1 | Ethiopian Food Guide

The traditional dishes that accompany Kitfo are Gomen and Ayib (Ethiopian cheese). I have included instructions for making Ayib at the end of this Kitfo recipe.


  • 1 pound finely ground low-fat beef
  • 4-6 tablespoons Niter Kibbeh (Ethiopian spiced butter), or more to taste (ghee is an adequate substitute)
  • 1 teaspoon mitmita powder, or more to taste
  • 1 teaspoon cardamom powder, or more to taste
  • 32 ounces of buttermilk or plain yogurt


To prepare the dish tere, or raw, melt the Niter Kibbeh in a skillet using low heat. When it’s hot and liquefied, remove the skillet from the heat, add the beef and mix the two ingredients well. Add the spices and mix well again. If you want it lebleb, or slightly cooked, return it to the heat for a minute before adding the spices.

To prepare it yebesele, or fully cooked, put the beef and Niter Kibbeh in a skillet, and over low heat, stir constantly until the Niter Kibbeh melts and the beef is cooked to your liking. Turn off the heat, add the spices, and mix the ingredients well.


To make Ayib, boil the buttermilk or yogurt over low heat for about 15 or 20 minutes, until the liquid whey separates from the soft white curds. Gently pour off the whey, getting rid of as much of the liquid as you can. The curds left behind is your Ayib. Allow it to cool a little before the meal.

Learn More About Ethiopian Foods Here.